curated by: Andrea Caputo

graphic design: Andrea Caputo Architecture Office & Research Agency

editorial management: Elisa Sabatinelli

images post production: Zum Studio, Milan

text translation: Alyce Aldige

Proofreading: Gillian Price


USA & CANADA distribution: SCB Distributors

printed on: Munken Print White and GardaMatt Art

supported by: LOTRAS S.R.L.

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First edition 2012 // ISBN 978-88-976400-0-4

Biographical Note

Andrea Nelli
was twenty years old when he first went to New York,
and he saw BIG-O 116, EVIL ERF 14, RAT FINK 131, SUPER
KOOL 223
on the walls. They looked like undecipherable
codes, written everywhere with black spray.
Afterword he understood that they were always the same
names, repeated throughout the city. It was in the early
70's and all the trains run completely covered by colored
and giant graffiti.

The subway and Manhattan walls were covered, too.

Andrea started shooting photos, because captured by
these compositions and he succeeded in getting in touch
with different cliques of writers who introduced him in
the New York scene. Big names as COCO 144 guided him.
Still student, Andre Nelli decided to focus his thesis on
this just born movement, but already spreading out
constantly. More than a 100 photos of names and
historical pieces were captured by Andrea, that form
a test which presents the phenomenon at its beginning.
Through his work, we get to know a guy with a sour look,
who is trying to find his way among names, gangs, walls
and subway, tag and through up, to get to the same
conclusion that is still valid nowadays 40 years after:

"to get your Name around".
The rule of graffiti.

Graffiti a New York

In 1973, this phenomenon of graffiti runs rampant,
reaching its peak that summer. At the beginning of
the year, the graffiti piece grows in epic proportions. This
innovation is owed to black writers from the Bronx like

The press defined this new genre as "Grand Design" but the kids called
it Top to Bottom or more simply T to B, alluding to the fact that graffiti
vertically covers the full height of a subway car.
The external of the train is no longer covered with small, monochrome
writings of different sizes, but by a single, multi-colored graffiti.
Some of these T to B pieces are so elaborate and complex in form that
the New York Times puts forth the hypothesis that they are products of
a collaboration between professional artists and graffiti writers.
In February of 1973, the Boy Scouts form an ecological program that
attempts, in vain, to diminish the amount of graffiti by sending out
teams of cleaners. In January and February of the same year,
the police perform 282 arrests.

Still, the record shows two favorable interventions in graffiti art. The
first is by an unknown artist in search of publicity, Tazio D'Allegro, who
associates graffiti to urban waste and the aesthetics of "slop art,"
a sort of pop art that shifts the lens from the consumer to waste.
The second intervention is by P. R. Paterson who sees graffiti as
a spontaneous protest against the bureaucracy of the subway.
On March 26th, 1973, New York Magazine publishes an article by
R. Goldstein that, in my view, discusses for the first time a series
of interpretations of the phenomenon.

Goldstein announces that graffiti is the first authentic youth
culture born on the streets since rock'n'roll in the 1950's. In the same issue
of the magazine, painter Claes Oldenburg comments:
"You are in a grey and sad subway station when all the sudden a graffiti
train breaks, bringing with it the light of a bunch of tropical flowers.
You think: it's anarchy, and you ask yourself if trains will keep working.
But then you get used to it".
The same issue of the New York Magazine depicts the
winning graffiti of the "Taki Award", an award organized by journalists
for graffiti writers. Thus, a trend is emerging. It is significant that the
journalist's choices for the award fall upon two writers, SPIN and STOP,
who the kids call toys, or amateurs.

The Curator

In concurrence to his studies in Graphic Design and
Architecture, Andrea Caputo has under taken a personal
study of street culture and the consequent social and
aesthetic influences, actively participating in the
International movement with the publication of editorial
and expository projects.

Andrea Caputo is the author of All City Writers,
an anthology above the Graffiti movement in Europe.
The volume, published by Critiques Livres / Paris, tries
to document the evolution and the consequences of a
countercultural phenomenon that over the course of a few
decades provoked a change in the aesthetics and the
rules of communication of modern day society.


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